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Coomassie blue-sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis

Time:2015/11/24 6:01:26

Improved resolution of myofibrillar proteins with sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis.

Standard experimental procedures for continuous polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis in the presence of sodium dodecyl sulfate were modified to give more effective separation and improved resolution of myofibrillar proteins. The system utilizes a running gel consisting of 10% acrylamide with 0.1% bisacrylamide crosslinker (100:1) incorporating 400 mM Tris/glycine (pH 8.80), 0.1 mM ethylenediaminetetraacetate, 5% glycerol and 0.1% sodium dodecyl sulfate. Electrophoresis was performed at 1 mA per gel with corresponding running times of 4-6 h. The myosin heavy chain enters and migrates as a narrow symmetrical band while the smaller regulatory proteins of the myofibril are resolved. The utility of the procedure in relation to the study of protein structure is detailed.

Coomassie blue-sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis for direct visualization of polypeptides during electrophoresis

A method for the direct visualization of Coomassie blue-stained polypeptide bands during electrophoresis with subsequent elution of polypeptides and removal of sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) and Coomassie blue is described. Primarily it is intended as a means for easy and—because there is no protein fixation step—nearly quantitative recovery of separated polypeptides for amino acid sequencing. It may also be used to obtain rapid information about the protein patterns during a run. Together with our new high resolution SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis system for small proteins and polypeptides (H. Sch?gger and G. Von Jagow (1987), Anal. Biochem., 166, 368–379) the method described allows the preparative separation of protein fragments as even protein fragments between 1 and 3.5 kDa are easily detected.